This was something we were learning for the first time, and the hard way too. The deployment followed the Indo-Sri Lankan Accord between India and Sri Lanka of 1987 which was intended to end the Sri Lankan Civil War between militant Sri Lankan Tamil nationalists, principally the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), and the Sri Lankan military.
It has been verified that quite a large number, ranging from young girls who had just attained puberty to old women well past the menopause stage, were brutally raped. Every military operation undertaken by us has been dogged by poor -- no, pathetic -- intelligence.
They were more ceremonial than tactical.
The local and foreign media were completely cut off from the scene of operations and terrible things – yes, I use words carefully, TERRIBLE THINGS, were done to the Tamils in Jaffna. Young Kannan Iyer, 24 years old, very fair, very handsome, well versed in Hindu neethi and also a fully qualified Accountant, was managing his own Accounting firm in Jaffna and assisting his father in carrying out the temple duties. Intelligence, or lack of it, has always been the bane of independent India. Back to India's Vietnam. This was never confirmed, but was an indicator of our poor intelligence assessment.
We were aware of the LTTE's domination over other militant organisations, but we were not aware of their innovative tactics, resourcefulness, tremendous mass support and, most importantly, their excellent intelligence network.
This is their style, a bloodbath before the calm of negotiations. Choice of weapons was dictated from the top. The threat to womanhood was very real in the months of October and November.
The Sri Lankan Tamils, fed on LTTE propaganda, boasted of giving the fourth largest army in the world, a bloody nose. These led to the Sri Lankan government's call for India to quit the island, and they allegedly entered into a secret deal with the LTTE that culminated in a ceasefire. Militancy cannot be solved by military action alone; more so in some other country.
After December the jawans were more discreet and circumspect. Especially the stand taken by the LTTE when Sri Lankan President Chandrika Kumaratunga proposed peace initiatives.
All the information they passed on was acquired from the army.  Although casualties among the IPKF mounted, and calls for the withdrawal of the IPKF from both sides of the Sri Lankan conflict grew, Rajiv Gandhi refused to remove the IPKF from Sri Lanka. IPKF Major Returning to India Apprehended – Alleged Contraband Jewellery: A Major of the IPKF who is said to have returned to India from Jaffna on a month’s holiday is alleged to have been apprehended at Chandigarh airport with having carried jewellery believed to be contraband. The original intention was the Indian Peace Keeping Force would not be involved in large scale military operations. Few people are aware that in terms of man and material, more tonnage was lifted by land and sea in Sri Lanka than in any theatre of operation during the WWII. Such was the IPKF, totally unprepared and ill-equipped.
We were not organised for an operation of this nature. She was walking back feebly, with the aid of a walking stick and holding a flickering lamp, and was within 50 metres of the temple when she was shot dead by the Indian soldiers, from Sri Parwathi Vidyasalai which they were occupying. The collapse of the Indo-Sri Lanka Accord, and the unsuccessful intervention of the IPKF had led to a stalemate for more than 10 years. Unfortunately Rajiv Gandhi mainly accepted the advise given by RAW and other intelligence agencies, and decided to induct the IPKF. This definition appears very frequently
What we heard on the grapevine was that the RAW advisors had told the PM, "We will have Prabhakaran in our custody within 72 hours." “My blood boiled; but I was helpless” he told me. Even Bhutan and Nepal had axes to grind with us. To be able to send troops to a neighbouring country for policing or for a military operation one has to have a strong and stable government, be at least a mini superpower, be politically and economically strong, have a strong army, air force and a navy with a medium strike radius (something on the lines of the US Seventh Fleet), and be a nuclear power or at least have some nuclear capability.
LTTE was also assassinating rival Tamil leaders, getting rid of the competition from other Tamil insurgent groups.
During the two years in which it was deployed, the IPKF fought numerous battles against the LTTE. There was no air cover.
NASA, The IPKF lost around 214 soldiers in this operation.. As discussed earlier, there appears to have been a policy decision to apply terror in the face of early losses and frustration over the prolongation of the conflict.
Chastity is traditionally considered one of the supreme virtues of women, to be safeguarded with the same diligence as their life.
“From time immemorial, plunder and rape have been considered the spoils of war. These jobs were carried out with distinction by the IPKF.
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