This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 2 pages. Examples: Florida is a peninsula with subtropical and tropical weather. The Berlin Conference of 1884–85, also known as the Congo Conference (German: Kongokonferenz) or West Africa Conference (Westafrika-Konferenz), regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period, and coincided with Germany's sudden emergence as an imperial power. Models – AP Human Geography Model Geographer Population and Migration (Chapters 2 and 3) Demographic Transition ... Migration Transition Wilbur Zelinsky Gravity Model of Migration Political/Geopolitical (Chapter 8) Heartland Theory Halford Mackinder Rimland Theory Nicholas Spykman Sea Power Theory Alfred Thayer Mahan Organic Theory of Nations Friedrich Ratzel Domino Theory … Fragmented plates ride next to each other on top of the Earth’s lower mantle to create different plate boundaries that shape the Earth’s landscape. the waters under the jurisdiction of a state, especially the part of the sea within a stated distance of the shore (traditionally three miles from low-water mark). Please upgrade to Cram Premium to create hundreds of folders! Also good for tourism. Population; Malthusian Theory – Population growth would exceed resource growth therefore not having enough resources to supply every person in the world. A state that possesses a roughly circular, oval, or rectangular territory in which the distance from the geometric center is relatively equal in all directions. _____Least Cost/Location Theory 36. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. The Heartland Theory was first proposed by Halford Mackinder. Vertical plane between states that cuts through the rocks below, and the airspace above the surface. Heartland Theory A geopolitical hypothesis, proposed by British geographer Harold Mackinder during the first two decades of the twentieth century, that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain sufficient strength to eventually dominate the world. refers to a large amount of power given to an authority which in theory is placed higher than the state (in our case this authority is the European Union).

Economic; Technopoles – Center of high tech manufacturing and information.

Third stage is decreasing in birth and death rates, increasing the population. Example: Mozambique and Thailand, A state that is not contiguous whole but rather separated parts. You have created 2 folders. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy. _____Migration Theory 34. Economic; Location of Industry/Least Cost/Agglomeration – Location of Industry: an industry is located where the transportation costs of raw material and fine product. What is the history of it?

Course Hero, Inc. The three types of gerrymandering are excess vote, wasted vote and stacked, Spreads the opposition supporters across many districts. Rural Geography; Agriculture Model – Distance from market: Perishables close to market; cant have livestock in pasture away from business. A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing states or regions under a central (federal) government. Add to folder[?] Economic; Technopoles – Planned centers for the promotion of high tech industry. Nonetheless, British policy was organized and dete... Supranationalism and intergovernmentalism are two central concepts in understanding the institution that is the European Union. What is supranationalism? a system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god. It is a modification of the concentric zone model of city development. (When all countries compete to be head/top country. We know that sometimes it's hard to find inspiration, so we provide you with hundreds of related samples. The majority of states in the world have a unitary system of government. Ethnic boundaries are patterns of social interaction that give rise to, and subse- quently reinforce, in-group members' self-identification and outsiders' confirma- tion of group distinctions. Example: Seattle with Microsoft and its aircrafts.

Government based on the principle that the people are the ultimate sovereign and have the final say over what happens within the state. Transportation to/from market: Today- exceptions AIR, GMOs last longer. by kfeeback, Economic; Agglomeration/Spatial Influence – Further developed the Central Place Theory; wanted to determine the “maximum profit” location. Rural Geography; Concentric Zone Model – A model of internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Stage four and five are low birth and death rates leading to high population. Example: South Africa, {"cdnAssetsUrl":"","site_dot_caption":"Cram.com","premium_user":false,"premium_set":true,"payreferer":"clone_set","payreferer_set_title":"Chapter 8 AP Human Geography","payreferer_url":"\/flashcards\/copy\/ap-human-geography-unit-4-7928607","isGuest":true,"ga_id":"UA-272909-1","facebook":{"clientId":"363499237066029","version":"v2.9","language":"en_US"}}. The Heartland Theory is important to anyone taking the AP® Human Geography exam. It includes waterways such as rivers and canals, and sometimes the water within small bays.

AP Human Geography Models - AP Human Geography Models AREA OF USE PERSON WHO DEVELOPED MODEL THEORY PREMISE FUNCTION WALLERSTEINS WORLD SYSTEM ANALYSIS, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. boundaries that are created as a result of long-term processes, i.e., Vietnam/China. Culture; Cultural Landscape – Each region has its own distinct landscape due to social relationships and physical processes.

According to Mackinder’s theory any government that was able to control central Eurasia would eventually amass enough power to dominate the world. Since human geography is about how humans are impacted by geography, we would say geopolitics have a lot to do with APHG. Political; Rimland Theory – The domination of the coastal fringes of Eurasia would provide the base for world conquest. Nature/Environment; Plate Tectonic Theory – Scientific theory that tries to explain the movements of the Earth’s lithosphere. Example: Poland, Kenya, Uruguay, A type of territorial shape that exhibits a narrow, elongated land extension leading away from the main body of the territory.

Explanation - The rimland contains the Heartland. This theory regards political history as a continuous struggle between land and sea powers with the ultimate victory going to the continental power.

Urban Geography; Urban Sector Model – Model of urban land use. Mackinder's Heartland Theory: Related to the Rimland Theory, but Mackinder argued that the key to global power is to rule the heartland Eurasia, which would be Eastern Europe / Russia. State with more than one nation within its borders. Being surrounded by water is good for ship trade with other countries. The three types of gerrymandering are excess vote, wasted vote and stacked Links liked-minded, distant voters with oddly-drawn boundaries.

Title: AP Human Geography Author: … Introducing Cram Folders! An effort by one country to establish settlements in a territory and to impose its political, economic and cultural principles to that territory. audio not yet available for this language, an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs, Independence from control or its internal affairs by other states.

The 1845 concept of “Manifest Destiny,” coined by American Journalist John L. O 'Sullivan wrote of "[America’s] manifest destiny … to possess the whole conti... Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards; Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card; In statistical mechanics, a microstate is a specific microscopic configuration of a thermodynamic system that the system may occupy with a certain probability in the course of its thermal fluctuations. A superimposed boundary is a boundary that has been imposed on an area by an outside or conquering power. Stuck?

Political; Sea Power Theory – Idea that countries with greater navel power will have greater worldwide impact, it shaped the strategic thought of navels across the world. Please sign in to share these flashcards.
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heartland theory ap human geography


There are currently 48 such countries, including four partially recognised states.

The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the central government.

Population; New-Malthusianism – Over population relates to poverty in areas of the world. Cram has partnered with the National Tutoring Association, Temperature ( Thermal Kinetic Energy Affect The Phases Of Matter Questions And Answers, Difference Between Supranationalism And Intergovernmentalism, The Manifest Destiny In The Young America Movement. Population; Demographic Transition Model – First and second stages are high birth and death rates. the act of getting rid of colonization, or freeing a country from being dependent on another country. Geopolitics are politics influenced by geography.

Such homogeneity actually prevails within very few states.

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Legally, a term encompassing all the citizens of a state. the use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims. What is Mackinder’s heartland theory? In 1942, Nichols Spyman created a theory which countered Mackinder's Heartland theory.

-Halford Mackinder, 1919 So in general terms what exactly does that mean? An example of decolonization is India becoming independent from England after World War II. Political boundary defined and delimited (and occasionally demarcated) as a straight line or an arc. Based on quatrinary industry.

a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. A geopolitical hypothesis, proposed by British geographer Harold Mackinder during the first two decades of the twentieth century, that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain sufficient strength to eventually dominate the world. "Whoever controls Eastern Europe controls the Heartland; whoever controls the Heartland rules the World Island; whoever rules the World Island rules the world."   Terms. We weren't able to detect the audio language on your flashcards. Population; Laws of Migration – Migration occurs over long distances, in step, due to economic problems and women tend to do it more then men but men travel longer distances.

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 2 pages. Examples: Florida is a peninsula with subtropical and tropical weather. The Berlin Conference of 1884–85, also known as the Congo Conference (German: Kongokonferenz) or West Africa Conference (Westafrika-Konferenz), regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period, and coincided with Germany's sudden emergence as an imperial power. Models – AP Human Geography Model Geographer Population and Migration (Chapters 2 and 3) Demographic Transition ... Migration Transition Wilbur Zelinsky Gravity Model of Migration Political/Geopolitical (Chapter 8) Heartland Theory Halford Mackinder Rimland Theory Nicholas Spykman Sea Power Theory Alfred Thayer Mahan Organic Theory of Nations Friedrich Ratzel Domino Theory … Fragmented plates ride next to each other on top of the Earth’s lower mantle to create different plate boundaries that shape the Earth’s landscape. the waters under the jurisdiction of a state, especially the part of the sea within a stated distance of the shore (traditionally three miles from low-water mark). Please upgrade to Cram Premium to create hundreds of folders! Also good for tourism. Population; Malthusian Theory – Population growth would exceed resource growth therefore not having enough resources to supply every person in the world. A state that possesses a roughly circular, oval, or rectangular territory in which the distance from the geometric center is relatively equal in all directions. _____Least Cost/Location Theory 36. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. The Heartland Theory was first proposed by Halford Mackinder. Vertical plane between states that cuts through the rocks below, and the airspace above the surface. Heartland Theory A geopolitical hypothesis, proposed by British geographer Harold Mackinder during the first two decades of the twentieth century, that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain sufficient strength to eventually dominate the world. refers to a large amount of power given to an authority which in theory is placed higher than the state (in our case this authority is the European Union).

Economic; Technopoles – Center of high tech manufacturing and information.

Third stage is decreasing in birth and death rates, increasing the population. Example: Mozambique and Thailand, A state that is not contiguous whole but rather separated parts. You have created 2 folders. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy. _____Migration Theory 34. Economic; Location of Industry/Least Cost/Agglomeration – Location of Industry: an industry is located where the transportation costs of raw material and fine product. What is the history of it?

Course Hero, Inc. The three types of gerrymandering are excess vote, wasted vote and stacked, Spreads the opposition supporters across many districts. Rural Geography; Agriculture Model – Distance from market: Perishables close to market; cant have livestock in pasture away from business. A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing states or regions under a central (federal) government. Add to folder[?] Economic; Technopoles – Planned centers for the promotion of high tech industry. Nonetheless, British policy was organized and dete... Supranationalism and intergovernmentalism are two central concepts in understanding the institution that is the European Union. What is supranationalism? a system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god. It is a modification of the concentric zone model of city development. (When all countries compete to be head/top country. We know that sometimes it's hard to find inspiration, so we provide you with hundreds of related samples. The majority of states in the world have a unitary system of government. Ethnic boundaries are patterns of social interaction that give rise to, and subse- quently reinforce, in-group members' self-identification and outsiders' confirma- tion of group distinctions. Example: Seattle with Microsoft and its aircrafts.

Government based on the principle that the people are the ultimate sovereign and have the final say over what happens within the state. Transportation to/from market: Today- exceptions AIR, GMOs last longer. by kfeeback, Economic; Agglomeration/Spatial Influence – Further developed the Central Place Theory; wanted to determine the “maximum profit” location. Rural Geography; Concentric Zone Model – A model of internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Stage four and five are low birth and death rates leading to high population. Example: South Africa, {"cdnAssetsUrl":"","site_dot_caption":"Cram.com","premium_user":false,"premium_set":true,"payreferer":"clone_set","payreferer_set_title":"Chapter 8 AP Human Geography","payreferer_url":"\/flashcards\/copy\/ap-human-geography-unit-4-7928607","isGuest":true,"ga_id":"UA-272909-1","facebook":{"clientId":"363499237066029","version":"v2.9","language":"en_US"}}. The Heartland Theory is important to anyone taking the AP® Human Geography exam. It includes waterways such as rivers and canals, and sometimes the water within small bays.

AP Human Geography Models - AP Human Geography Models AREA OF USE PERSON WHO DEVELOPED MODEL THEORY PREMISE FUNCTION WALLERSTEINS WORLD SYSTEM ANALYSIS, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. boundaries that are created as a result of long-term processes, i.e., Vietnam/China. Culture; Cultural Landscape – Each region has its own distinct landscape due to social relationships and physical processes.

According to Mackinder’s theory any government that was able to control central Eurasia would eventually amass enough power to dominate the world. Since human geography is about how humans are impacted by geography, we would say geopolitics have a lot to do with APHG. Political; Rimland Theory – The domination of the coastal fringes of Eurasia would provide the base for world conquest. Nature/Environment; Plate Tectonic Theory – Scientific theory that tries to explain the movements of the Earth’s lithosphere. Example: Poland, Kenya, Uruguay, A type of territorial shape that exhibits a narrow, elongated land extension leading away from the main body of the territory.

Explanation - The rimland contains the Heartland. This theory regards political history as a continuous struggle between land and sea powers with the ultimate victory going to the continental power.

Urban Geography; Urban Sector Model – Model of urban land use. Mackinder's Heartland Theory: Related to the Rimland Theory, but Mackinder argued that the key to global power is to rule the heartland Eurasia, which would be Eastern Europe / Russia. State with more than one nation within its borders. Being surrounded by water is good for ship trade with other countries. The three types of gerrymandering are excess vote, wasted vote and stacked Links liked-minded, distant voters with oddly-drawn boundaries.

Title: AP Human Geography Author: … Introducing Cram Folders! An effort by one country to establish settlements in a territory and to impose its political, economic and cultural principles to that territory. audio not yet available for this language, an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs, Independence from control or its internal affairs by other states.

The 1845 concept of “Manifest Destiny,” coined by American Journalist John L. O 'Sullivan wrote of "[America’s] manifest destiny … to possess the whole conti... Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards; Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card; In statistical mechanics, a microstate is a specific microscopic configuration of a thermodynamic system that the system may occupy with a certain probability in the course of its thermal fluctuations. A superimposed boundary is a boundary that has been imposed on an area by an outside or conquering power. Stuck?

Political; Sea Power Theory – Idea that countries with greater navel power will have greater worldwide impact, it shaped the strategic thought of navels across the world. Please sign in to share these flashcards.

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